Tag Archives: strawberries

New plants from old

By Sarah Buchanan. First published by Rattan Direct on 8 July 2016.

Gardeners like to try new plants and new looks, and our gardens often benefit from a bit of a refresh. Grow new plants from old and get the plants you want, and for free. Readers of our blogs know we like a bargain plant – whether from pop up plant stalls or from cuttings from plants in friends’ gardens. So today is all about ‘layering’, an easy way to grow new plants from old.

Some plants do this trick on their own by sending out self rooting stems. The stems of ajuga, strawberries, rubus and other soft plants send out stems that, when they touch the soil, grow roots. Gardeners copy this approach to help other plants do it too.

Self layering plants grow new plants from old
Plants that DIY to create new plants from old by self rooting include ornamental rubus – here taking over a neglected area of my garden. Sarah Buchanan.

Layering is a great way to grow new plants now from old clematis, hop, ivy, periwinkles, honeysuckle and other plants that send up long shoots and stems. And it is a technique to use in autumn and spring to grow new plants from old shrubs such as rhododendrons, viburnums and magnolia (which can be difficult to root from cuttings). Later this month we will blog about cuttings from these (and other less tricky) plant friends, so keep on reading!

Golden hop and ivy - layer to grow new plants from old
Golden hop growing over ivy, both plants suitable for layering to grow new plants from old. Sarah Buchanan

How to grow new plants from old by layering

1. First find a young, flexible shoot or stem, about 40cm long, which does not have any flowers or flower buds and which you can easily bend down to touch the surface of the ground below the old plant.

2. Where the stem meets the ground, either mix a good potful of well rotted garden compost (you followed our blog to create your own?) into the soil, or sink a shallow plastic flower pot (about 20cm across) filled with shop bought potting compost, or a mix of your garden compost and soil, so that the top of the pot is level with the top of the soil.

3. Use a sharp knife to make a shallow cut, about 4cm long, along the stem where it will meet the ground. Make sure you don’t cut right through the stem. Dust the cut with hormone rooting powder and bury the cut area of the stem and another 10cm or so beyond it about 5cm deep in the soil.

4. Keep the stem under the soil by putting a stone on top. Or bend a piece of wire into a U shape, turn it upside down over the stem and push down gently to hold the stem under the soil. Water and keep an eye on your infant plant to ensure the soil is damp through the summer, but otherwise leave it alone.

5. When shoots come up from your cut stem it is time use a sharp knife or secateurs and carefully cut the new plant from the old. Not sure which secateurs for the job? Read our blog of advice! Dig the pot out and find a new home for the plant or dig the new plant up, put it into a pot while you find a home or plant it in its new home. Ideally move your new plant to its new home when it is leafless. Or if it is an evergreen, plant it out in April or September.

The layered stems of some plants take a year or more to grow into a new plant, so be patient. Don’t dig them up too soon. Sometimes it pays dividends to keep your new plant in a pot of good soil to grow bigger before you plant them out in your garden.

Clematis montana for layering to grow new plants from old
Clematis montana is ideal for layering to grow new plants from old. Sarah Buchanan,

Keep layering!

And if this approach is one you like – there are more ways to layer a plant! Try this BBC guide,  then sit down in your rattan chair, with home grown strawberries and cream, and plan your own pop up plant stall for 2017!

Strawberries! And be a sparkling cordial host

First published by Rattan Direct on 15 June 2016.

Why are strawberries called strawberries?

Strawberries planted back in April are starting to swell now. Soon they’ll be ready to eat. But before they get to that mouth-watering bright-red-all-over-stage and the weather is warm and they are at their most delicious, the plants need a little more care and attention. Especially if they’re in the ground rather than in a planter.

Garden strawberries (fraises du jardin). Cordial
Garden strawberries (fraises du jardin). © Gilgil and licensed for re-use under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported licence.

Keep watering and feeding them every week or so with a liquid potash feed (such as a tomato feed). Water from below to avoid rot.

Bad things? Oh no!

As the berries begin to develop, they become heavy and may lie directly on the soil. If the ground is wet, two bad things can happen: (a) they rot, especially if they get dirty (b) slugs and snails will eat them.

The solution

Just before the fruit gets to the heavy stage, raise the berries above the ground in some way.

  • Traditionally, straw was used, and that’s why they’re called strawberries! Tuck some straw underneath them. Straw doesn’t retain water if it rains (unlike hay) and lies randomly giving some ventilation under the fruit.
  • You could use special re-usable strawberry mats, impregnated with copper to repel slugs and snails.
  • You could make your own strawberry mat, backed up with your favourite slug and snail repellent. Just cut out a 30sq cm square of cardboard, make a slit from one edge to a hole in the middle and place them round individual plants.
  • Or you could use black plastic sheeting, kept in place with stones. Make some small holes to stop water gathering on it.

These methods keep the fruit dry. And in hot weather they act as a mulch, suppress weeds and help keep the soil moist.

Home grown strawberries are much more delicious than bought ones and these methods give your berries a very good chance of ripening and remaining whole. But slugs and snails seem to have their own agenda (and we’ll be coming on to this in another post) and some do like to hide in straw. Wood lice also like strawberries. And birds do as well so you may want to protect your berries with taut netting (taut and well above the fruit so that birds don’t get caught in any loose folds). Keep a close eye.

After your strawbs are over, remove whatever mulch you’ve used so pests and diseases don’t build up. And remove the old leaves with secateurs or hand shears.

Be a sparkling cordial host yourself

Homemade cordial is streets ahead of any you can buy.

The elder is now in flower – time to make elderflower cordial. It’s gorgeous on its own or with sparkling water. And I gather it’s brilliant with white wine and tonic, and possibly a touch of gin.

Elder flowers (Sambucus nigra). Elderflower cordial
Elder flowers (Sambucus nigra) near Muir of Lochs, Moray. © Anne Burgess and licensed for re-use under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)

When the sun is shining, pick creamy white heads with no trace of brown blossom. Try these recipes from Lotte Duncan and from Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall.

Elderflower cordial in bottles.
Elderflower cordial in bottles. © Jim Champion and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic licence.

Rhubarb cordial is also fabulous. Here Sarah Raven experiments with rhubarb, strawberry and rose-geranium lower sugar cordials.

Rose geranium, Pelargonium graveolens. Cordial
Rose geranium, Pelargonium graveolens. Released into the public domain by its author, Laitche (http://www.laitche.com/)

Bertie Wooster, always cordial

P G Wodehouse’s character Bertie Wooster likes to see himself as a pleasant, cordial kind of chap. Cordiality is something that makes his world run smoothly – in the main, but not always. And Bobbie Wickham, with whom he falls in love on several occasions, is generally trouble, however cordial.

[Bobbie] greeted me cordially as I entered – in fact, so cordially that I saw Jeeves pause at the door before biffing off to mix the cocktails and shoot me the sort of grave, warning look a wise old father might pass out to the effervescent son on seeing him going fairly strong with the local vamp. I nodded back, as much as to say ‘Chilled steel!’ and he oozed out, leaving me to play the sparkling host.

Episode of the Dog McIntosh (1929) in Very Good, Jeeves (1930)